|Rabies Virus - Animal Specimen
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|Fluorescent antibody detection of rabies virus in animal brain tissue from possible or confirmed human exposure.
|Avg. Turnaround Time
|Coralville, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m., M-F
|1 business days
|Direct Immunofluorescence Assay (DFA)
|Bats found in the home; unvaccinated animals that have bit someone. Small animal (<1 lb): whole animal acceptable. Large animal (>1 lb): Brain and Brain Stem preferred. Testing is conducted on animal brain tissue.
Click here for complete collection instructions.
A completed Rabies Test Request Form MUST accompany the specimen to ensure proper specimen identification and tracking. The form must include:
|Temperature and Stability:
|Store specimens in the refrigerator until shipped. Specimens should be shipped on cold packs, NOT frozen, within 24 hours.
|Vaccinated animals and specimens received with no human exposure. Deteriorated or damaged brain material. Missing essential brain parts needed for testing.
|Negative, Positive, Indeterminate, Unsatisfactory
|Call the laboratory prior to delivery for specimen assessment. If the specimen does not meet criteria for testing at SHL, client will be directed to submit the specimen to the Iowa State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for testing. Phone: 319-335-4335. Normal Business Hours are Monday - Friday, 8:00 am - 5:00 pm, Saturday 9:00 am - 12:00 pm. Samples are not accepted outside of normal business hours. For urgent questions outside of normal business hours, call 319-335-4500 or 800-421-IOWA and ask to be connected with Rabies on-call staff.
*CAUTION* An improperly packed or shipped animal may compromise the integrity of the brain material, rendering the specimen unsatisfactory for testing. Attach a completed Rabies Test Request Form to the specimen container. Placing the form in a separate plastic bag or liner may help to prevent it from becoming damaged or contaminated. Transport or ship to the Coralville location.
DO NOT leave any animal specimen at the laboratory without handing it directly to an employee. Call the laboratory prior to departure to allow personnel to prepare for the specimen's arrival. A private vehicle is the most efficient means of delivery to the lab. Live bats should be euthanized by a veterinary clinic or brought directly to SHL in a locked hard sided container.
|It is required to provide the name, address and 24-hour phone number for a medical provider (e.g., a physician, a veterinarian, or a public health practitioner). Test results will not be provided to the animal owner or patient. For questions determining human exposure, or in cases where a physician or veterinarian are not available, please contact Iowa Health and Human Services - Center for Acute Disease Epidemiology (CADE), 1-800-362-2736.